Periodontology is a dental specialty that studies and treats supporting structures of teeth, the so-called periodontium (gingiva or gums, alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal ligament). After cavities, the most common disease of the oral cavity is periodontitis – inflammation of the periodontium.
Periodontitis starts as gingivitis, i.e. inflammation of the gums. It is caused by soft (plaque) and hard (tartar) teeth build-up filled with bacteria that cause the inflammation. Inflamed gums are red, swollen, painful and they bleed during teeth brushing. If left untreated, gingivitis advances to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of the deeper supporting structures (gingival tissue that binds your teeth to the underlying bone). As plaque and tartar build up, pockets are formed between the gums and the teeth. In time, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed, the pockets deepen and can eventually cause loosening and loss of teeth.
Have you noticed?
Causes of gingivitis and periodontitis:
To treat gingivitis and prevent periodontitis, it is important to maintain healthy oral hygiene (proper flossing and brushing), get professional teeth cleaning (regular removal of plaque and tartar), tooth polishing and biostimulation of epithelial cells with a soft tissue diode laser.
In our practice we also treat cases of periodontitis, however severe they may seem. We begin the treatment by thoroughly cleaning your teeth and removing hard (tartar) and soft build-up (plaque) with Air-Flow Master Piezon. Additional dental laser treatment is provided if necessary. For a successful periodontal treatment it is necessary to use both diode and water lasers. We use Epic™ 10 Diode Laser and WaterLase iPlus All-Tissue Laser by Biolase. They remove tartar and inflamed granulation tissue with added bactericidal and virucidal effect, epithelial stimulation of gingival cells and tissue regeneration.
After completed periodontal treatment, in some cases (see below) we may recommend prosthodontic treatment options to prolong the longevity of your remaining teeth and restore your smile.